Project Update: Tree Planting Process

Tree planting process

November - December


1. Land preparation
Our field team opened and cleared the planting areas using mechanical methods. We cleaned shrubs, grasses, and ferns using machetes.

2. Create tree planting lines
Tree planting conducted using a line method where we plant baby trees in a line plot. Each line separated by 5 meters and on the line, we spaced trees every 4 meters. The method is preferable due to its efficiency and less destructive.

3. Spray the planting area
We sprayed the planting areas with herbicide to reduce undesirable plants such as shrubs, grasses, and ferns, especially around planting lines.

4. Select baby trees
We selected healthy tree seedlings from a nursery near the planting area. There are 4 species that we choose during tree planting phase-1, which are Gonystylus bancanus, Shorea sp., Vatica sp., and Syzygium sp. Each baby tree should be healthy and at least 60 cm tall.

5. Plant baby trees
We planted about 2,500 baby trees in a 5 hectares area.

Monitoring and Maintenance

March and July


1. Monitoring
Three months after planting, we monitor the planted trees. Some planted trees are dead, especially ramin tree (Gonystylus bancanus).

Six months after planting, we conducted monitoring for planted trees. During monitoring, we observed that the planted trees have grown to about 120 cm. There are still dead trees but not as many as the first three months.

2. Maintenance
Some of the planted baby trees are dead due to several reasons. We changed the dead baby trees with new healthy baby trees. There were about 400 baby trees that we changed during the first maintenance (3 months after tree planting). We replaced dead ramin trees with meranti trees (Shorea sp.). Then, during the second maintenance, there were about 100 dead baby trees replaced by healthy baby trees.

During maintenance, we also clear the planting area from weeds, shrubs, and ferns. This is an important step to ensure robust growth and to promote optimal growing conditions for the planted trees.


Writer: Diny Hartiningtias, Soni Setia Budiawan, Hamda Khairuzanni

Maintenance Activities

Some baby trees are dead as pictured in this photo. During maintenance activities, we changed this dead tree with a new healthy baby tree.

Rudiyanto (center) and his team preparing baby trees for maintenance of the first planted areas.

Rudiyanto (center) led the maintenance of the first planted areas.

Some baby trees we planted in December 2020 died due to several reasons. In this picture, our team is planting a new healthy tree to replace the dead tree.

Our team is making a hole for planting new healthy baby tree.

During maintenance activities, our team planted healthy new baby trees to replace dead trees.

 

What is Biosphere Reserve?


Biosphere Reserve is an area where local communities work towards biodiversity conservation and its sustainable use. The site is a place for learning sustainable development. Thus, the area promotes improvement of local communities' livelihood and natural conservation that are culturally-socially appropriate and environmentally sustainable.

Biosphere Reserve has to be nominated by national government and then recognized by international panel, the Man and the Biosphere Program of UNESCO. Currently, there are 714 biosphere reserves in the world, distributed in 129 countries, including 21 transboundary sites.

Biosphere Reserve can be acknowledged as biosphere reserve only if the area has following functions:
  • Conservation of biodiversity and cultural diversity.
  • Economic development that is socially, culturally and environmentally sustainable.
  • Human development through research, monitoring, education, and training.

Biosphere reserve has three main zones, which are:
  1. Core zone, which is strictly protected areas for protecting the landscape, ecosystem, and species, as well as for conducting research and monitoring.
  2. Buffer zone, which surrounds the core zone. The area can be used for activities that can reinforce scientific research, monitoring, training, and education.
  3. Transition zone, which is where local communities foster sustainable livelihoods.

One of biosphere reserves in Indonesia is the Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve in Riau. Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu declared as biosphere reserve in 2009. This area is habitat for sumatran tiger, sumatran elephant, tapir, and sun bear. It is also a peatland area that stores highly concentrated carbon. This area featured sustainable timber production as well as supporting communities' livelihood.

Part of the Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu biosphere reserve is degraded due to several reasons. The Forest Restoration Project: SDGs Together aims to help government to restore degraded peatland in the area.


Writer: Diny Hartiningtias

Monitoring Activities

During monitoring activities, we observed our baby trees we planted in December 2020 had grown over a meter.

Every three months, we cleared shrubs and grasses surrounding the planted trees. This is an important step to reduce competition between planted trees and undesired plants (shrubs and grasses). In this picture, Rudiyanto monitored a tree we planted in December 2020.


Contact Form

Name

Email *

Message *